addiction

What's your Poison? talking about cellphone addiction with Dr. Jim Roberts

Dr. Roberts is a marketing professor who has been studying consumer behavior for 30 years. Beginning with compulsive buying (aka shopping addiction), - ‘addiction’ being defined as an action or behavior you continue despite the negative consequences - he moved into social media and technology addiction.

His book Too Much of A Good Thing talks about the tipping point with technology, where healthy, productive use turns into destructive use. He enlightens us about the phrase phubbing - snubbing others in favor of our smartphones. We have all been either victim or perpetrator of phubbing - which can lead to conflict, dissatisfaction, and unhappiness in our relationships in love and in life.

How one uses social media can result in positive and negative feeling states -  active use can help us feel positive and passive use (called lurking and creeping) can make us feel competitive and upset and therefore have a negative effect.

So what can we do with our smartphones and technology, both a necessary evil? “We can learn to use these devices in a healthy way by wresting some of the power away from social media and back to us.” Dr. Roberts suggests we find “the digital sweet spot and use technology for all the wonderful things it can do for us.” And finally, while driving, lock your cell phone in the trunk!!!


Meet This Episode's Guest

james Roberts

James A. Roberts is the Ben H. Williams Professor of Marketing at Baylor University (Ph.D., University of Nebraska-Lincoln) and has been a member of the marketing faculty since 1991. He has had approximately 80 articles published in numerous academic journals. He is also the author of two books, “Shiny Objects” (Harper Collins) and “Too Much of a Good Thing: Are You Addicted to your Smartphone?”

Dr. Roberts is a nationally recognized expert on consumer behavior and has been quoted extensively in the media and has appeared on the CBS Early Show, ABC World News Tonight, ABC Good Morning America, NBC The Today Show, and has been quoted and/or featured on The O’Reilly Factor, The Doctors on CBS, , Time.com, US News & World Report, New York Times, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, Cosmopolitan Magazine, Glamour, and many other newspapers, magazines, websites, and television appearances.

Current research interests include the pursuit of happiness through money and material possessions and investigating the antecedents and consequences of smartphone addiction and its impact on personal happiness and professional productivity.

 
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Check out Jim's website: www.smartphoneloveaffair.com. or follow him on Twitter: @ProfJimRoberts.

Compassion Centered Addiction Treatment with Dr. Daniel Mierlak

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Dr. Mierlak is a psychiatrist who has specialized in addictions since 1995. He brings his knowledge of the advances and changes in the treatment of addiction to this fascinating and informative conversation with Susan. His practice ranges from work with addicted homeless mentally ill men at The Freedom Institute to celebrities in his upper east side office.

“There is not a one size fits all treatment for addiction.” He encourages all kinds of techniques, from AA to customized cognitive and behavioral methods, i.e. breaking down how you think about the substance, setting up obstacles to access, changing routines in your day to avoid triggers, etc. A more recent treatment is “harm reduction,” where the patient wants help but doesn’t want to stop using the substance, so the ‘how’ to reduce becomes the creative part of the work. There are a lot of forces working against patients coming in with addiction problems, hence encouragement is key to reduce the stigma, remove the moral judgement, normalize the problem.

“Everyone has their struggles, their demons - including the therapist - we’re all in the same boat,” he says. “Don’t give up hope. It’s a very difficult process. Keep looking until you find the person who you think can help YOU.” To this end, every patient is a clean slate, Dr. Mierlak doesn’t assume he knows what’s best, he listens attentively to the stories his patients tell him, to help discover what is best for them.


Meet This Episode's Guest

 

Dr. Daniel Mierlak

 

Daniel Mierlak is a psychiatrist, board-certified in General and Addiction Psychiatry.  Dr. Mierlak received his MD and PhD from SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn in 1989.  He completed his residency training in psychiatry at the Weill Cornell Medical College, Payne Whitney Clinic, in 1993, and completed his fellowship in addiction psychiatry at New York University Medical Center in 1996.   He has been Medical Director of the Freedom Institute, an outpatient chemical dependency treatment center in Manhattan, since 2008, and is on the voluntary faculty of the Weill Cornell Medical College.

Dr. Mierlak has worked in hospital, clinic and private office settings, treating a wide array of psychiatric and addictive disorders.  In addition to teaching and lecturing, he has conducted research on psychiatric illness in HIV patients, and substance abuse in homeless, mentally ill men.  He is currently working on a series of essays on his experience as a psychiatrist.

Find out more about Dr. Mierlak on his website!

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A Spoonful of Sugar: Dr. Nicole Avena on Sugar Addiction

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Dr. Nicole Avena is a leading research neuroscientist on food addiction, specifically sugar.

Everyone loves sugar! It’s given to children as a reward for braving the doctor visit and makes an appearance at every birthday party. We use sugar to celebrate achieving goals and/or to boost ourselves up when we’re sad, lonely, depressed, dejected or just plain tired!

The average American eats 22 teaspoons of added sugar every day (6-8 is considered safe)! What makes sugar addiction so hard to see is the way sugar hides in society (as something good, as a reward) and in our foods (especially processed foods). But the truth is sugar acts on the brain the same way as drugs, such as nicotine, morphine or heroin - creating highs and lows, withdrawals, craving, and binging. And like a drug, the body needs more and more sugar in order to get the desired effect, hence leading to more and more consumption of sugar, which affects mood, influences how we think and feel, and over time seriously affects our health.

Listen in to Dr. Avena’s conversation with Susan and check out her book Why Diets Fail: Because You’re Addicted to Sugar to become more knowledgeable about sugar!


Meet This Episode's Guest

Dr. Nicole Avena

Dr. Nicole Avena is a research neuroscientist and expert in the fields of nutrition, diet and addiction. She is a pioneer in the field of food addiction, and it was her seminal research work that jump started this exciting new field of exploration in medicine and nutrition. She is also an expert in diet during pregnancy, and childhood nutrition.

Dr. Avena received a Ph.D. in Psychology and Neuroscience from Princeton University in 2006. She then completed her postdoctoral fellowship in 2010 at the prestigious Rockefeller University in New York City, an all-research institution that lays claim to having had 24 Nobel Prize winners on its staff over the years.

Dr. Avena presently is Assistant Professor of Neuroscience at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City and a Visiting Professor in Health Psychology at Princeton University. She has published over 90 scholarly journal articles on topics related to diet, nutrition and overeating, and she frequently presents her research findings at scientific conferences and University symposia. Her research achievements have been honored by awards from several groups including the New York Academy of Sciences, the American Psychological Association, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse. She has received research funding from prestigious sources, including the National Institutes of Health and the National Eating Disorders
Association. 

Dr. Avena’s book, Why Diets Fail (2014, Ten Speed Press) reviews the research on food addiction and provides a way in which people can remove added sugars and carbohydrates from their diet. She has another best-selling book, What to Eat When You’re Pregnant (2015, Ten Speed Press) that provides mom’s-to- be with nutritional advice on what to eat to ensure they and their baby are healthy. Her next book, What to Feed Your Baby and Toddler (released in May 2018), covers nutrition for babies who are just beginning to eat, and offers science-based advice and practical tips on how to get your baby to eat healthy foods, like vegetables. She has also been a guest on several radio programs and podcasts, and has been filmed for several documentaries on the obesity epidemic. Her work has been featured on the cover of National Geographic (Sept ’17), as well as in Time Magazine, Bloomberg Business Week, The New York Times, Shape, Men’s Health, Details, and many other periodicals.

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Dr. Avena is a member of the Random House Speakers Bureau. She has a TED-ED talk (below), How Sugar Affects Your Brain, which was ranked #2 most watched (over 7 million views). Her video has been praised by educators and public health groups. She consults for many policy groups, pharmaceutical companies and baby-food manufacturers.

Dr. Avena has a blog on Psychology Today called Food Junkie, which explains relevant research findings in an accessible way. She also blogs for The Huffington Post.

You can also follow her on Twitter or Facebook!